Award Recipients


Dr. Christian J. Lambertsen 
for his invention of the underwater breathing apparatus known as                                                                 .
SCUBA                                                                                                              .

To recognize  his invention of the underwater breathing apparatus known as SCUBA,
which he first developed during World War II for use by the United States Navy while he was
in the U.S. Army Medical Corps detached to the Office of Strategic Services.  Dr. Lambertsen,
a world renowned expert in hyperbaric medicine, founded the Institute for Environmental Medicine
at the University of Pennsylvania.  He has taught at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School since
1946 and is currently Emeritus Distinguished Professor of Environmental Medicine.

Dr. William A. Eaton 
Biophysical Chemistry Section 
NIDDK, National Institutes of Health 

To  recognize his pioneering research on protein aggregation and folding. 
Dr. Eaton and his collaborators discovered the microscopic basis for the aggregation of sickle cell hemoglobin,
thereby illuminating the pathophysiology and stimulating new treatments of sickle cell disease. 
More recently, they established a theoretical limit for how fast proteins fold into their functional structures.
Dr. Eaton obtained his medical and scientific training at the University of Pennsylvania and is currently

Chief of the Laboratory of Chemical Physics at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland.


Dr. Bernard Fisher 
Fellow in experimental surgery at the University of Pennsylvania where he was trained by I. S. Ravdin, 
is currently a Distinguished Service Professor of Surgery in the School of Medicine at the 
University of Pittsburgh.
For his pioneering research utilizing clinical trials in surgery that set a new course in the treatment 
of breast cancer.  In creating new procedures for the treatment of many cancers, 
Dr. Fisher has greatly benefited mankind. 
Dr. Lucy Shapiro 
Professor of Developmental Biology, Senior Fellow of the Institute for 
International Studies and Director of the Beckman Center for Molecular 
and Genetic Medicine, Stanford University. 
HistCite :

Dr. Harley H. McAdams 
Research Professor in the Department of Developmental Biology, 
Stanford University. 
HistCite :

To recognize their work in bringing the methods of electrical circuit analysis to the description 
of genetic networks of the simple bacterium, Caulobacter.  This husband and wife team, 
comprising a microbiologist and a physicist, has pioneered the field of Systems Biology and 
made seminal contributions through the study of the regulatory circuitry of this microorganism.  
By creating a means to unravel the complexity of cellular processes they have greatly benefited mankind. 



Dr. Susan Solomon 
Senior Scientist 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration                                                                      .
Boulder, Colorado
To recognize  her discoveries in establishing the mechanism of the depletion of Antarctic ozone by 
identifying a specific chemical reaction and making direct measurements of the predicted 
product of this reaction in the atmosphere of Antarctica. These and other scientific discoveries 
have resulted in international regulations that limit the emissions of the ozone damaging 
chlorofluorocarbons into the atmosphere and have thereby greatly benefited mankind. 
Professor Timothy M. Swager 
John D. MacArthur Professor 
Head of the Department of Chemistry and the Associate Director 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Bldg. 18-597 
Cambridge, MA 02139
To recognize  his pioneering developments in the design, synthesis and construction of functional 
assemblies of supramolecular materials that recognize specific molecules. In creating new chemo 
sensors that are being used for the detection of concealed explosive materials


Dr. Joseph Vacanti  
John Homans Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School  
Chief of Pediatric Surgery and Director, Laboratory for Tissue Engineering and Organ Fabrication at       .
Massachusetts General Hospital. 
Harvard University
For his  pioneering work  in tissue engineering, an interdisciplinary field that applies the principles of 
engineering and life sciences toward the development of biological substitutes that restore, maintain, 
or improve tissue or organ function. For his contributions to the design, fabrication and clinical application 
of living replacement devices for surgical reconstruction and transplantation and  implantable, 
biodegradable systems that can act as devices to generate permanent new tissue.
Dr. Albert J. Stunkard      
Department of Psychiatry 
The Mahoney Institute of Neurological Sciences 
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 
Founder of the Center for Weight and Eating Disorders
In recognition of his pioneering research on the genetics of obesity in childhood and the growth and 
development of children at high risk of obesity.  For his contributions to psychosomatic medicine and
his research on understanding  and  treatment of eating disorders. By improving the understanding of 
deviant eating patterns, and having developed treatment for eating disorders he has contributed 
significantly to the health and welfare of mankind.


Dr. Franklin A. Davis                                                                                                             
Professor of Chemistry, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA
To recognize his discoveries of new experimental procedures for the synthesis of important
molecular structures.   By creating new synthetic methods that have been adopted by laboratories
worldwide to aid in the synthesis  of antitumor and other bioactive drugs, Professor Davis has
 contributed to the health and welfare of mankind.                                                                       .
Professor Irving L. Weissman 
Director of the Institute for Stem Cell Bioloogy and Regenerative Medicine and of the Comprehensive
Cancer Center, Virginia, D.K. Ludwig Professor for Clinical Investigation in Cancer Research and
Professor  of Pathology and Developmental Biology at Stanford University.
For his seminal contribution to identifying and isolating the blood forming stem cells.  By isolating the 
stem cells from humans, which then become the basis of successful bone marrow transplantation, 
Professor Weissman has contributed to the health and welfare of  mankind..


Professor JoAnne Stubbe
Novartis Professor of Chemistry and Professor of Biology at the Massachusetts   Institute of  Technology 
.To recognize her pioneering discovery of the molecular mechanism  and the role of free radicals in the 
action of the enzyme ribonucleotide reductase - discoveries that have led to the development of novel 
cancer therapies.  Her work has improved our understanding of the biochemical synthesis of DNA, thus 
contributing to the health and welfare of mankind.
Dr. Saul Perlmutter
Professor of Physics, University of California, Berkeley and Senior Fellow of the 
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. 
For his contributions to the discovery of  some of the most distant 
supernovae and for making the first measurements of the cosmological constant.  His   work has 
led to unlocking the secrets of our universe and to developing promising new technologies that can 
have major impacts on basic science.


story on winners for the year 2004...

Dr. Thomas E. Starzl 
Professor of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and 
 University of Pittsburgh Medical Center?s (UPMC) program named in his honor: the 
Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute.                                                                                                                  .
Winner of National Medal of Science (2005)
Citation Classic Commentaries #1   and #2 
Introductory Comments by Dr. Clyde F. Barker                 .
To recognize his seminal contributions to the science and practice of organ transplantation.
Professor Barry M. Trost
Tamaki Professor of Humanities and Sciences 
Stanford University, Stanford, CA 
Citation Classic Commentary
HistCite File
To recognize  his pioneering  development of new organometallic reactions and their applications in organic synthesis.


Dr. Bert Vogelstein
Professor of Oncology and Pathology 
Johns Hopkins University School of  Medicine 
HistCite File: #1, #2
Introductory Comments by Dr. Clyde F. Barker                          .
Establishing a molecular basis for colon cancer and 
the resulting improvements in diagnosis and 
 therapeutics. Characterizing the genes that cause 
colon cancer and applying his knowledge to patient management, 
thus contributing to better health and welfare of patients.
Dr. Daniel H. Janzen
Thomas E. and Louise G. DiMaura Professor of 
Conservation Biology at the University of 
Citation Classic Commentaries #1#2
HistCite File
Contributions to conservation biology based on 
the quantitative formulation of the consequences of seed predation 
to animals and plants resulting in 
better interface between society and tropical 
wildland biodiversity.


story on winners for the year 2002...

Dr. Mario R. Capecchi
Distinguished Professor of Human  Genetics 
University of Utah,  School of  Medicine.
 Seminal contributions to the development of a technique 
for the deletion or replacement of any gene in mice, 
leading to a greater understanding of human genetic diseases. 
Professor Joseph M. DeSimone
W.R. Kenan Jr. Distinguished Professor of 
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering 
University of North Carolina, NC                                                         .
Seminal contributions to the manufacturing and processing 
of polymers in supercritical carbon dioxide, thus reducing 
the use and generation of substances that are hazardous to 
human health and the environment.                                                        .

 story on winners for the year 2001...

Dr. Vera Cooper Rubin  - Senior Researcher 
Department of Terrestrial Magnetism 
Carnegie Institution of Washington 
See profile in Science  295:960-61 February 8, 2002                                .
Major contribution to establishing the existence of dark matter 
through analysis of experimental data, thereby enlarging our 
grasp of the universe and hence the scope of human endeavor
Professor K. Barry Sharpless
W.M. Keck Professor, 
Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA                                      .      .
Pioneering research on asymmetric epoxidation, greatly 
facilitating the synthesis of drugs and sugars, thereby 
contributing to the health and welfare of mankind                                        .