|Dr. Christian J. Lambertsen
for his invention of the underwater breathing apparatus known as .
recognize his invention of the underwater breathing
apparatus known as SCUBA,
|Dr. William A. Eaton
Biophysical Chemistry Section
NIDDK, National Institutes of Health
recognize his pioneering research on protein aggregation and
|Dr. Bernard Fisher
Fellow in experimental surgery at the University of Pennsylvania where he was trained by I. S. Ravdin,
is currently a Distinguished Service Professor of Surgery in the School of Medicine at the
University of Pittsburgh.
|For his pioneering research utilizing clinical trials in
set a new course in the treatment
of breast cancer. In creating new procedures for the treatment of many cancers,
Dr. Fisher has greatly benefited mankind.
|Dr. Lucy Shapiro
Professor of Developmental Biology, Senior Fellow of the Institute for
International Studies and Director of the Beckman Center for Molecular
and Genetic Medicine, Stanford University.
HistCite : http://garfield.library.upenn.edu/histcomp/index-shapiro.html
Dr. Harley H. McAdams
|To recognize their work in bringing the methods
circuit analysis to the description
of genetic networks of the simple bacterium, Caulobacter. This husband and wife team,
comprising a microbiologist and a physicist, has pioneered the field of Systems Biology and
made seminal contributions through the study of the regulatory circuitry of this microorganism.
By creating a means to unravel the complexity of cellular processes they have greatly benefited mankind.
|Dr. Susan Solomon
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration .
|To recognize her discoveries in establishing the
the depletion of Antarctic ozone by
identifying a specific chemical reaction and making direct measurements of the predicted
product of this reaction in the atmosphere of Antarctica. These and other scientific discoveries
have resulted in international regulations that limit the emissions of the ozone damaging
chlorofluorocarbons into the atmosphere and have thereby greatly benefited mankind.
|Professor Timothy M. Swager
John D. MacArthur Professor
Head of the Department of Chemistry and the Associate Director
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Bldg. 18-597
Cambridge, MA 02139
|To recognize his pioneering developments
in the design,
synthesis and construction of functional
assemblies of supramolecular materials that recognize specific molecules. In creating new chemo
sensors that are being used for the detection of concealed explosive materials
|Dr. Joseph Vacanti
John Homans Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School
Chief of Pediatric Surgery and Director, Laboratory for Tissue Engineering and Organ Fabrication at .
Massachusetts General Hospital.
|For his pioneering work in tissue engineering, an
field that applies the principles of
engineering and life sciences toward the development of biological substitutes that restore, maintain,
or improve tissue or organ function. For his contributions to the design, fabrication and clinical application
of living replacement devices for surgical reconstruction and transplantation and implantable,
biodegradable systems that can act as devices to generate permanent new tissue.
|Dr. Albert J. Stunkard
Department of Psychiatry
The Mahoney Institute of Neurological Sciences
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
Founder of the Center for Weight and Eating Disorders
|In recognition of his pioneering research on the
of obesity in childhood and the growth and
development of children at high risk of obesity. For his contributions to psychosomatic medicine and
his research on understanding and treatment of eating disorders. By improving the understanding of
deviant eating patterns, and having developed treatment for eating disorders he has contributed
significantly to the health and welfare of mankind.
Franklin A. Davis
Professor of Chemistry, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA
|To recognize his discoveries of new experimental procedures
synthesis of important
molecular structures. By creating new synthetic methods that have been adopted by laboratories
worldwide to aid in the synthesis of antitumor and other bioactive drugs, Professor Davis has
contributed to the health and welfare of mankind. .
Director of the Institute for Stem Cell Bioloogy and Regenerative Medicine and of the Comprehensive
Cancer Center, Virginia, D.K. Ludwig Professor for Clinical Investigation in Cancer Research and
Professor of Pathology and Developmental Biology at Stanford University.
|For his seminal contribution to identifying and isolating the
forming stem cells. By isolating the
stem cells from humans, which then become the basis of successful bone marrow transplantation,
Professor Weissman has contributed to the health and welfare of mankind..
Novartis Professor of Chemistry and Professor of Biology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
|.To recognize her
pioneering discovery of the molecular mechanism and the role of
radicals in the
action of the enzyme ribonucleotide reductase - discoveries that have led to the development of novel
cancer therapies. Her work has improved our understanding of the biochemical synthesis of DNA, thus
contributing to the health and welfare of mankind.
Professor of Physics, University of California, Berkeley and Senior Fellow of the
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
|For his contributions to the discovery of some of the
supernovae and for making the first measurements of the cosmological constant. His work has
led to unlocking the secrets of our universe and to developing promising new technologies that can
have major impacts on basic science.
story on winners for the year 2004...
Professor of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center?s (UPMC) program named in his honor: the
Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute. .
Winner of National Medal of Science (2005)
Citation Classic Commentaries #1 and #2
Introductory Comments by Dr. Clyde F. Barker .
|To recognize his seminal contributions to the science and practice of organ transplantation.|
Tamaki Professor of Humanities and Sciences
Stanford University, Stanford, CA
Citation Classic Commentary
|To recognize his pioneering development of new organometallic reactions and their applications in organic synthesis.|
Professor of Oncology and Pathology
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
HistCite File: #1, #2
Introductory Comments by Dr. Clyde F. Barker .
|Establishing a molecular basis for colon cancer and
the resulting improvements in diagnosis and
therapeutics. Characterizing the genes that cause
colon cancer and applying his knowledge to patient management,
thus contributing to better health and welfare of patients.
Thomas E. and Louise G. DiMaura Professor of
Conservation Biology at the University of
Citation Classic Commentaries #1#2
|Contributions to conservation biology based on
the quantitative formulation of the consequences of seed predation
to animals and plants resulting in
better interface between society and tropical
story on winners for the year 2002...
Mario R. Capecchi
Distinguished Professor of Human Genetics
University of Utah, School of Medicine.
| Seminal contributions to the development of a
for the deletion or replacement of any gene in mice,
leading to a greater understanding of human genetic diseases.
W.R. Kenan Jr. Distinguished Professor of
Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
University of North Carolina, NC .
|Seminal contributions to the manufacturing and
of polymers in supercritical carbon dioxide, thus reducing
the use and generation of substances that are hazardous to
human health and the environment. .
story on winners for the year 2001...
Cooper Rubin - Senior Researcher
Department of Terrestrial Magnetism
Carnegie Institution of Washington
See profile in Science 295:960-61 February 8, 2002 .
|Major contribution to establishing the existence of dark
through analysis of experimental data, thereby enlarging our
grasp of the universe and hence the scope of human endeavor
W.M. Keck Professor,
Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA . .
|Pioneering research on asymmetric epoxidation, greatly
facilitating the synthesis of drugs and sugars, thereby
contributing to the health and welfare of mankind .